Bactrian camel

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Bactrian camel

The Bactrian camel differs from the one-humped camel in that it has two humps on its back. They have been domesticated for thousands of years and are primarily used as pack animals due to their ability to carry heavy loads over long distances. Historically, the Bactrian camel played a crucial role in the journey of caravans along the Great Silk Road.

Bactrian camels are well adapted to the harsh climate. Their skin can withstand temperatures as cold as −30 °C (−22 °F) in winter and as hot as 50 °C (122 °F) in summer.

They can go without water for months at a time, but when water is available they can drink up to 57 liters (15 gallons) at a time. The two raised scythes on the back are composed of fat, which can be converted to water and energy when needed.

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