Birthday of People's Artist of Uzbekistan Tamarakhanim


Tamarakhonim (pseudonym; real name and surname Tamara Artyomovna Petrosyan) [1906.16 (29) .3, hoz. New Margilan town - 1991.30.06, Tashkent] - singer and dancer, choreographer, one of the founders of Uzbek professional dance. People's Artist of Uzbekistan (1932). Studied at the Moscow Theater College (1923-24). She has been interested in art since her youth: first she danced and sang among the women of Margilan and Fergana. Yusufjon Qiziq Shakarjanov diligently studied Uzbek dance movements from Master Olim Kamilov, Hamza, K. Stanislavsky, Nemirovich-Danchenko and others. He began his stage career in 1919 in the troupe of Hamza Hakimzoda Niyazi. Later, Yusufjon worked in an interesting troupe. From 1921 to 1922 he worked at the Tashkent Russian Opera and Ballet Theater, from 1924 in the concert troupe led by Muhiddin Qoriyokubov (from 1926 the Uzbek State Concert and Ethnographic Ensemble, from 1929 the Uzbek State Musical Theater). In 1925, he participated in the World Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris together with M. Qoriyokubov and exhibited Uzbek art for the first time in Europe. Tamarakhonim adapted Uzbek lapar and yalla samples to the conditions of stage performance, enriched them with new means of expression (facial expressions, dance, dialogue, etc.), based on which she created several small musical staging, laid the foundation for the development of national popular (pop) art. Songs and lapars performed by Tamarakhonim ("Lolaxon", "Karasoch", "Bracelet", "Oyijon", "From the way of the factory", "Girls, what's your hurry?", "Gulyor", "Orphan's cry", "Feeling "Unoy", "Children of Freedom", etc.), "Sinakhiroj", "Dil-xiroj", "Qarinavo", "Osmoniya".1925-29 Halima (G 'in musical dramas staged in Andijan, Kokand, Samarkand theaters). Zafari, “Halima”), Shirin (Khurshid, “Farhod and Shirin”), Gulchehra (U. Hojibekov played such roles as "Arshin mol olon"). From 1929 to 1934 he worked at the Uzbek State Musical Theater in Samarkand (in 1931 the theater was moved to Tashkent), from 1934 to 1935 at the Khorezm Theater. 1934 M.. She played the role of Indra in Yanovsky's ballet Ferenc. The Republican Ballet School, which he organized, was named after Tamarakhonim in 1935-1947. In 1935 he won a gold medal at the first International Festival of Folk Dance and Music in London (with Usta Olim Kamilov, Tukhtasin Jalilov, Abdukodir Ismailov). In 1937 he took part in the first decade of Uzbek art in Moscow. From 1936 to 1941 he was a dancer and choreographer at the Uzbek State Philharmonic, as well as at the Uzbek State Musical Theater (since 1939 at the Uzbek State Opera and Ballet Theater). From 1941 to 1969 he was the artistic director, choreographer and actress in the music ensemble of the Uzbek State Philharmonic. Tamarakhonim served in army units with concert brigades during World War II. Tamarakhonim studied in detail the history, ethnography, local customs, art and culture of the people to whom he wanted to perform the song and dance, and then performed. He performed "Erta bilan" (Kokancha), "Yallama yorim" (Margilan), "Omonyor" (Andijan), "Fergana dance", "Bukhara dance", "Mavrigi", "Lazgi" (Khorezm). ), "Bibijon" (Turkmen), "New Moon" (Mongolian), "Wedding" (Georgian), "Do not knock on the door" (Azerbaijani), "Gulizor" (Turkish), "Chando" ( Indonesian), "Humorous Eyes", "Binti Shalobiya" (Arabic), "Bandai Mountain" (Japanese), "Shepherd's Dance", "Libra" (Korean), "Sweet Language" (Afghan) ), "Nilufar" (Hindi), "Parizodoy" (Kyrgyz), "Jora jonim" (Tajik), "Garmonchi" (Tatar), "Oy da Galya i Sultan" (Ukrainian) Singing and dancing were performed in 500 languages. He and his teacher Usta Olim Kamilov staged many Uzbek folk dances and created a unique style (combining women's and men's dance movements), new modern dances, theatrical dance plots, new choreographic compositions ("Flower Game"). , Such as "Sadr", "Rust", "Cocoon", "Ship Game"). He created programs combining Uzbek folk dance movements with European classical ballet movements ("Spring", "Navo", "War of the Red and White Roses", etc.), which contributed to the formation of the national Uzbek ballet, the development of national choreography. was an important factor. She is one of the first Uzbek ballets "Gulandom" (Ye. Brusilovsky, 1938) libretto Uygun and M. He co-created with the Yanovskys, staged it, and played the lead role himself. M. Turg'unboyeva, G. Rahimova, R. Karimova, G. Mavayeva, H. Komilova, I. Akilov, L. Petrosova and others are students of Tamarakhonim. Tamarakhonim has toured in France, Norway, Germany, Italy, Turkey, Iran, India. One of the streets in Tashkent (the street where he lived) was named Tamarakhonim. There is a Tamarakhonim House Museum in Tashkent.

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