About Tamarakhonim - Who he is, what he is


TAMARAKHONIM (pseudonym; real name and surname Tamara Artyomovna Petrosyan) [1906.16 (29) .3, hoz. New Margilan town - 1991.30.6, Tashkent] - singer and dancer, choreographer, one of the founders of the Uzbek professional dance. People's Artist of Uzbekistan (1932). He studied at the Moscow Theater College (1923-24). From an early age he was interested in art: at first he danced and sang among the women of Margilan and Fergana. Yusufjon Qiziq Shakarjanov, Uzbek dance movements from Usta Olim Kamilov, Hamza, K. Stanislavsky, Nemirovich Danchenko and others. He diligently studied singing and acting skills. Stage activities in 1919. Hamza Hakimzoda started in Niyazi's troupe. Later, Yusufjon worked in an interesting troupe. 1921 - 22 y. at the Tashkent Russian Opera and Ballet Theater, 1924. He worked in the concert troupe under the direction of Muhiddin Qoriyokubov (Uzbek State Concert and Ethnographic Ensemble since 1926, Uzbek State Musical Theater since 1929). 1925-y. He participated in the World Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris together with M. Qoriyokubov and presented Uzbek art for the first time in Europe. Tamarakhonim adapted Uzbek lapar and yalla to the conditions of stage performance, enriched them with new means of expression (facial expressions, dance, dialogue, etc.), based on which she created several small musical staging, laid the foundation for the development of national popular (pop) art. Songs and lapars performed by Tamarakhonim ("Lolaxon", "Qorasoch", "Bilaguzuk", "Oyijon", "Fabrikaning yolindan", "Qizlar, shitobiniz nima?", "Gulyor", "Yetimlar yigisi", "Tuygunoy", "Erk children ”, etc.),“ Sinakhiroj ”,“ Dilkhiroj ”,“ Qarinavo ”,“ Osmoniya ”.
1925-29 Halima (F. in musical dramas staged in Andijan, Kokand, Samarkand theaters). Zafari, “Halima”), Shirin (Khurshid, “Farhod and Shirin”), Gulchehra (U. Hojibekov played such roles as "Arshin mol olon"). 1929-34 Uzbek State Musical Theater in Samarkand (1931 i. The theater was moved to Tashkent) in 1934-35. worked at the Khorezm Theater. 1934 M. She played the role of Indra in Yanovsky's ballet Ferenc. The Republican Ballet School, which he founded, was founded in 1935-47. s were called Tamarakhonim. 1935 She won a gold medal at the first International Festival of Folk Dance and Music in London (with Usta Olim Kamilov, Tokhtasin Jalilov, Abdukodir Ismoilov). 1937 He also took part in the first decade of Uzbek art in Moscow. 1936 - 41 y. The Uzbek State Philharmonic, also known as the Uzbek State Musical Theater (1939). dancer and choreographer at the Uzbek State Opera and Ballet Theater. 1941-69 Artistic director, choreographer and actress in the music ensemble of the Uzbek State Philharmonic. Tamarakhonim served in army units with concert brigades during World War II. Tamarakhonim studied and performed the history, ethnography, local customs, art, and culture of the people to whom she wished to perform songs and dances. He performed "Erta bilan" (Kokancha), "Yallama yorim" (Margilan), "Omonyor" (Andijan), "Ferganacha dance", "Bukhara dance", "Mavrigi", "Lazgi" (Khorezm), "Bibijon" ( (Turkmen), "New Moon" (Mongolian), "Wedding" (Georgian), "Don't knock on the door" (Azerbaijani), "Gulizor" (Turkish), "Chando" (Indonesian), "Humor eyes", "Binti shalobiya" (Arabic), "Bandai Mountain" (Japanese), "Shepherd's Dance", "Torazi" (Korean), "Sweet Language" (Afghan), "Nilufar" (Hindi), "Parizodoy" (Kyrgyz), "Jo'ra jonim" More than 500 songs and dances have been performed in 86 languages, including "Tajik", "Harmonchi" (Tatar), "Oy da Galya i Sultan" (Ukrainian). He and his teacher, Usta Olim Kamilov, staged many Uzbek folk dances and created their own style (combining women's and men's dance movements), new modern dances, theatrical dance plots, new choreographic compositions ("Flower Game", "Sadr", "Bell"). , "Pilla", "Ship Game"). He created programs that combined Uzbek folk dance movements with European classical ballet movements ("Spring", "Navo", "War of the Red and White Roses", etc.), which were an important factor in the formation of the national Uzbek ballet and the development of national choreography. She is one of the first Uzbek ballets "Gulandom" (Ye. Brusilovsky, 1938) libretto by Uygun and M. He co-created with the Yanovskys, staged it and played the lead role. M. Turgunbayeva, G. Rahimova, R. Karimova, G. Mavayeva, H. Komilova, I. Okilov, L. Pepgrosova and others are students of Tamarakhonim. T. He has toured in France, Norway, Germany, Italy, Turkey, Iran and India. Tashkent One of the streets (the street where he lived) was named Tamarakhonim. There is a Tamarakhonim House Museum in Tashkent.
Name: Avdeyeva LA, TamaraXanum, Tamaraxonim, 1959; Shirokaya OI Tamara Xanum, Tamaraxonim, 1973.
Mohina Ashirova.

1 комментарий к “About Tamarakhonim - Who is he, what is he”

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