Essay on Alpomish


Essay on Alpomish
1. History of the epic Alpomish
2. The epic of Alpomish in the peoples of the world
3. Summary of the epic
4. The place of Alpomish after independence
1. «ALPOMISH»- Uzbek folk heroic epic. Widespread among Turkic peoples. The Karakalpak, Kazakh, and Altai versions of Alpomish have come down to us in the form of epics, and the Tatar and Bashkir versions in the form of fairy tales and legends. The Uzbeks called it Alpomish, the Karakalpaks called it Alpamis, the Kazakhs called it Alpamis batir, the Altai called it ApipManash, the Kazan Tatars called it Alpamsha, and the Bashkirs called it Alpamisha and Barsin hiluu. Influenced by Uzbek epics, 20a. in the beginning there were also Tajik variants in the form of fairy tales and legends. Bamsi Bayrak, part of Kitobi Dadam Korkut, an important monument of the medieval Oghuz epic, is close to Alpomish in plot and composition.
2. Alpomish is one of the rare and extraordinary artistic events in the history of world aesthetic thinking. Its uniqueness and uniqueness lies in the fact that this great epic, created in antiquity, has been sung by bakhshis for centuries and has come down to us orally in vivid epic traditions. That is why today it is a great gift of antiquity, the general outlook of the period in which it was created, as well as the objective state of the soul of the people in the conditions of living traditional creativity and performance. The literary monument, which has been passed down through the generations, is considered to be a great epic, a unique artistic expression of the heroic events in the national history of the people, wrapped in a shell of legends.
The epic "Alpomish" dates back to a thousand years ago. Although it has taken the form of a single epic as an example of folklore based on epic traditions, it is in fact the most ancient epic of Alpomish. layers mil. av. It reflects the artistic interpretation of the processes that took place in our country over the centuries. As the Kungrad tribe moved to different regions and became part of the newly formed peoples, the epic spread to other tribes and peoples, was reworked according to their epic traditions, and eventually became the epic of each nation whose ancestors participated in its creation. Copies of the epic "Alpomish" that have survived in the oral epic tradition date back to 9-10 a. created in However, the mythological and historical-life roots of the plot and leading motives that form the basis of the epic are such. periods - mil. av. does not deny that it belongs to the times. The plot of the epic contains pre-Islamic views and a mythological layer. The mythological layer in it is cad. are artistic and idealized aspects of life. "Alpomish" variants 1922. began to be recorded from. So far, Fozil Yuldosh ogli, Mahammadqul Jonmurod ogli Polkan, Berdi baxshi, Saidmurod Panoh ogli, Bori baxshi, Bekmurod Juraboy ogli, Mardonaqul Avliyoqul ogli, Abdulla Nurali ogli, Umir baxshi, Haydar Boyli ogli Rahimt, Haydar Boycha ogli Nearly forty options have been recorded. The original manuscripts of the epic are kept in the folklore archive of the Institute of Language and Literature of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. The most perfect of these versions is the one written by Fozil Yuldash's son. Versions of "Alpomish" by Berdi Bakhshi, Saidmurod Panoh oglu, Pulkan and Ergash Jumanbulbul oglu, Bekmurod Juraboy oglu, Khushbok Mardonakulov were also published. The epic "Alpomish" is a great epic that sings of heroism, courage, patriotism, brotherhood of different peoples and nations, love and devotion, family strength and unity. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov has published the epic "Alpomish" in 1000. As he said in his speech at the ceremony: "The epic" Alpomish "teaches us the virtues of humanity. It teaches us to be just and truthful, to protect our country and our family, to protect our friends and honor, and to protect the sacred tombs of our ancestors from any aggression. ”
3. The story begins with the description of the infertility of the chiefs of the bell tribe - brothers Boybori and Boysari. In it Alpomish, Barchin, Birth of Swallows in one day, Barchin. The leading image of the epic (the work of V. Ye. Kaydalov).
Barchin was cradled in Alpomish, Boysari moved from Boybor to Kalmykia with ten thousand inhabitants, traveled to another country to fetch the hero's wounds, made friends with Karajon, fulfilled Barchin's conditions and returned to his homeland, where he remained in captivity for another seven years. The story of Barchin's escape from Boychibor and his wife's forced marriage to the violent Ultontoz, in which he defeats his rival and achieves his goal, is depicted in very interesting, epic-colored paintings. The relationship between Alpomish and Qorajon, Kultay and Yodgor, and even the hero's relationship with the horse Boychibor bn, enchi harvona camel, depicts the noble simplicity, majestic calmness, patriarchal humanity, childlike innocence of the stage described in the epic. The epic "Alpomish" is a masterpiece. It fully demonstrated the great power of the Uzbek people's poetic genius. Alpomish has published a prose statement in Slovak and an artistic translation in Russian. Excerpts from it have been published in English. The epic was translated into Turkish.
4. Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan (January 1998, 13) and UNESCO Resolution of 1999. According to the action plan of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1999. noyab. in the 1000th year of the epic "Alpomish". was widely celebrated. The last ceremony was in 1999. 6 Nov. da Termiz sh. took place in In this regard, an international scientific conference was held here, a park named after Alpomish was established and a monument to the national hero was unveiled. Versions of "Alpomish" sung by famous folk singers have been republished. A documentary and feature film about the epic, theatrical performances based on its motives.

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