Essay on the epic of Farhod and Shirin


Farhod and Shirin are intricately planned epics
  1. Introduction
  2. The main part
    1. The history of the formation of the epic
    2. Heroes and characters
    3. The epic of Farhod and Shirin in the years of independence
  3. Conclusion
A.Navoi's epic "Farhod and Shirin" is one of the royal works created in the love chapter of world classical literature. The epic is dedicated to the singing of the pure love of two innocent young people, in which motifs such as humanity, humanity, peace, friendship, the pursuit of prosperity are reflected in the fox of this powerful love.

1. The plot based on "Farhod and Shirin" existed in Eastern literature even before Navoi. Originally sung by the peoples of the East as a legend, it later became a source of inspiration for poets. It is found in Firdavsi's "Shohnama" under the name "Khusrav and Shirin". After Furdavsi, this theme was rewritten by Nizami Ganjavi (1141-1202) in accordance with the spirit of the time. Nizami based his epic on the important social issues of the time, including issues related to love and affection, and promoted his ideas. This not only ensured the success of the epic, but also led to the development of literary traditions in the epic of Eastern literature. After Nizami, Khusrav Dehlavi (1253-1325), one of the great poets of the East, also made a great contribution to the further development of "Khamsa" writing by writing the epic "Shirin and Khusrav" on this subject. Although Khusrav Dehlavi in ​​his epic retained the main plot and compositional structure of Nizami's work, he took a different approach to the interpretation of images, the depiction of nature. In the epic, the poet focuses on the image of Khusrav, not the image of Shirin, as in Nizami. Therefore, these two epics, created in different social and historical conditions, as an artistic reflection of their time, reflected the important issues of public life. The epics did not repeat each other, but gained great popularity among the people as two independent works and became a source of inspiration for all poets. Alisher Navoi, continuing the literary tradition of his great masters and beginning to compose his own epic, first of all studied in depth the written sources of the peoples of the East related to this plot, and made effective use of the oral tradition of the historical people:
Although the poem is heartfelt,
His legend is also in the press.
If the whole community is happy,
If you want to go, it's history.
(If you want the poem to be attractive, pleasant, and the legend on which it is based, first of all, collect all the historical sources and look for the meaning of this blessed history in them).
The poet looks at the works of teachers with great love and sincerity, praises their works and mentions some of their shortcomings. He is critical of the fact that his predecessors chose for their epics a cruel, light-hearted, unstable Khusraw:
Rale chukkanlar this jamdin roh,
They were confused.
Ki property andoqu month mundoq,
Sinohi andoqu tamkini mundoq.
(Whoever drank wine from this glass, praised his country from head to toe, saying that his country is good, his customs are good, and his army is great).
2. The plot of the epic "Farhod and Shirin" began in Chapter XII with the description of the childlessness of the Chinese emperor and Prince Farhod's "coming from the room of absence to the flower of existence." In the plot chosen by Alisher Navoi for the epic "Farhod and Shirin", the fact that Farhod is from China and Shirin is from Armenia is the best option for the fulfillment of creative intentions. After all, the passage of the plot line "Love - Heroism" between China and Armenia, which is the core of the epic, allowed the writer to bring to the work the necessary events for the study of self-evident problems. The king of China celebrates for a few days by donating a son to the people. The people are exempted from paying taxes for three years. The king wants to give his child a good name. On the child's face shone the light of "farri royal", that is, the light of the kingdom. The name Farhod was formed. Ishq, who saw the baby as pure, also named him Farhod and chose the initials of the words firaq, jealousy, hajr, oh and pain. The plot of a work of art is one of the most important elements of the artistic form, representing a system of events in the play, which are interconnected and consist of the actions of the protagonists. In particular, Farhod's desire to unravel the mystery of Alexander the Great, the invasion of Greece, the battle with the dragon and the giant Ahiraman bring the work to the Farhod-Shirin line without any violence, occupying the reader's imagination. importantly, they gave the poet the opportunity to study in detail the problems of patriotism, justice, the commonwealth of peoples, to express their views. Navoi continued the tradition of noma in Nizami's and Dehlavi's epics in his letters to Farhod and Shirin in his epic "Farhod and Shirin". Because there were no other works of this nature before Navoi. Navoi's work is a work with a unique ideological and artistic content, consisting of letters from lovers on the theme of mutual love. A friend written on the subject of love

3. It is important that the young generation finds its place in the new life and conditions created by independence, and understands and implements the ideas expressed in the new times and centuries. In 1484, Navoi wrote the epic Farhod and Shirin. In this story, Navoi studies the works of Alisher Navoi in order to have the thinking and potential to meet the requirements of the adventures of Farhod and Shirin. 'expresses his ideas and ideals with great artistic skill. The image of Farhod and Shirin is the monumental image of "Khamsa". The epic depicts a number of real scenes of the life of the XV century and promotes the aspirations of the people to a peaceful and prosperous life. This is the reason why "Farhod and Shirin" became popular and became a popular epic. The mystical idea in the work, the views on the essence of humanity are presented in a beautiful artistic dress. One of the important factors that ensure this art is the artistic and visual means in the epic. Literature is described as a spiritual treasure. Indeed, in his bosom are the most tender feelings that humankind has ever cherished, the subtle feelings - humanity, justice, compassion, mutual understanding, friendship, kindness and mercy, love and affection, the thirst for beauty. human emotions are collective.

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