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Every Muslim who dies has the right to wash and shroud him over the living, as well as to offer him a funeral prayer and bury him in a Muslim cemetery. Most of us have a laid back attitude when it comes to painting a picture about ourselves. But in exceptional cases, such as during the Coronavirus plague, how is the washing, shrouding, and funeral of a corpse infected with it carried out?
I glanced at the fatwas of the fuqaha on this subject. Below I will summarize their practical conclusions. Experts, on the other hand, can refer to the sources attached.
The conclusion is that if for various reasons it is not possible to wash the corpse in the traditional way (for example, if the corpse is burnt, swollen in water or has an infectious disease), instead of rubbing it as usual, Carefully pour / drain the water. If this is not possible, then tayammum is performed on him. For example, in Inoya, a commentary on the Hidaya (16/261): If it is not possible to wash it because it cannot be touched (for example, it is swollen), then water is poured over the corpse.
Some contemporary scholars considered it appropriate to perform tayammum on the body of a corpse with a contagious disease instead of performing tayammum on its head or cloth covered with a shroud. He was then told to bury the corpse as a precautionary measure.
The fatwa issued by Dorul-Ifto in Egypt also states that all precautionary measures should be taken to ensure that the process of pouring water on a corpse with an infectious disease does not harm the ghassal (s). It was also noted that if there was a possibility of harmful substances coming out of the corpse before burial, the shroud should be wrapped tightly with a cloth to prevent this.
The Dorul-Ifto fatwa also recommends that the funeral prayer be performed in a remote area with a small number of worshipers in order to prevent the possibility of infection. It also reminds the funeral procession for the corpse individually over the grave if the corpse is buried without a funeral due to the risk of infection or some other reason.
At the end of the fatwa, the scholars state that such a cautious approach in such exceptional cases is in line with the spirit of Islamic Sharia. Indeed, Islam considers the protection of human life to be one of its highest goals.
Allah regularly tests His servants with various trials, calamities and plagues. The goal is for them to draw the right conclusions, correct themselves, and return to the right path. It is not surprising that the coronavirus (Kovid 19) plague is one such test.
We ask Allah to grant Muslims the strength to be steadfast in their religion and to guide all mankind.
The material was prepared by Muhiddin Qudrat oglu (Shirinov)