Uzbek national national applied and decorative art


Uzbek national national applied and decorative art
  Folk arts and crafts of Uzbekistan are a unique layer of national culture. As a result of preservation and development of centuries-old traditions of folk art and applied arts, our compatriots enjoy a unique source of this art, and respect for ancestors is the essence of independent Uzbekistan. contributing to the moral recovery. After all, the art of folk masters is a universally recognized contribution of our country to the spiritual heritage of mankind.
During the years of independence, folk art and applied decorative arts of Uzbekistan entered the Chamber of Free Development. At the initiative of President IA Karimov, attention has been paid to these areas of art. In particular, in order to increase the role of folk arts and crafts in the development of national culture, to restore the production of high-quality handicrafts and to provide state support to folk artisans, on March 1997, 31 the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Decree on Measures to Further Support Handicrafts and Applied Arts. According to him, those who are engaged in individual labor activity in the production of arts and crafts and handicrafts at home are exempt from paying state taxes for 5 years. In addition, such persons will be able to independently set prices for their products based on supply and demand in the consumer market, the abolition of customs duties on the sale of such products outside the country, and other tasks. The title of "People's Master of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was established. Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated March 2005, 28 "On measures for further development of folk arts and crafts" and April 2008, 1 "On measures for further development of folk arts and crafts" According to the decrees "On additional measures to encourage" individuals engaged in individual labor activity in the production of folk arts and crafts and decorative ornaments at home are subject to a fixed tax. was released from custody until April 2010, 1.
All regions of Uzbekistan have their own centers of folk art, which have contributed to world culture with great artistic values. These values ​​have rightly become a symbol of folk art. Ceramics (vinegar and flowers, ceramics), wood and plaster carvings, embroidery and sculpture, embroidery, carpet weaving, shawls in Samarkand, Bukhara, Tashkent, Fergana Valley, Khorezm and Karakalpakstan zlik and chitgar, the art of jewelry, the art of embellishing leather, the lacquer miniature, and the book miniature are still present. Blue-lojuvard, charcoal, crimson ceramic jugs, bowls, national tables made of wood carved and embroidered, hand-woven carpets, miniatures, masters from Margilan, Khiva, Tashkent Made of red copper or golden brass, shining like a precious metal, the shape is elegant and embroidered, and especially the blood vessels have attracted the attention of visitors. Rare items created by our masters have been donated to US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, "Iron Lady" - Margaret Thatcher, Indira and Rajiv Gandhi, the Emperor of Japan, and museums around the world.
As a result of many years of diligence of specialists of the Center for Scientific Production of Folk Art "Musavvir", the Republican firm of folk art "Nigoriston", more than thirty types of ancient art of Uzbekistan have been redefined. The forgotten art of carving has been revived to make national jewelry. The technology of making fine paints from local resources, used in the field of glass and vinegar, has also been identified.



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